Recipient(s) will receive an email with a link to 'Integration accuracy of craniofacial cone-beam computed tomography images with three-dimensional facial scans according to different registration areas' and will not need an account to access the content.
Abstract:Preoperative localization holds promise for overcoming the limitations of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in the treatment of impalpable lung nodules. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)-guided localization using near-infrared (NIR) marking. Between 2017 and 2021, patients presenting with a solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) who had undergone CBCT-guided lesion localization with indocyanine green (ICG) in a hybrid operating room were included. The primary outcomes were the efficacy of localization and the occurrence of complications. The study cohort consisted of 175 patients with the mean age of 58.76 years. The mean size and depth of the 175 SPNs were 8.34 mm and 5.3 mm, respectively. The mean time required for lesion marking was 14.71 min. Upon thoracoscopic inspection, the NIR tattoo was detected in the vast majority of the study participants (98.3%). An utility thoracotomy to allow digital palpation was required in two of the three patients in whom the tattoo was not identifiable. The perioperative survival rate was 100%, and the mean length of hospital stay was 3.09 days. We conclude that needle localization with ICG injection is a safe and feasible technique to localize SPNs prior to resection.Keywords: near-infrared marking; small pulmonary nodules; indocyanine green; hybrid operating room 2b1af7f3a8