The rules work together roughly as follows: the final vowel in the, crazy, happy, beauty, etc. is underlyingly [-tense] and [-stress]; it becomes [+tense] by rule (15)a if it is prevocalic or final, as in beaute-ous and beauty, which in turn makes it immune to Vowel Reduction (15)b. If the vowel precedes a consonant (as in beauti-ful) then Tensing has no effect and rule (15)b subsequently reduces the vowel to /ə/. The need to specify Tensing as cyclic and Vowel Reduction as non-cyclic will be explained shortly (see (18)-(21) and surrounding discussion, including footnote 17).
Let us see how the proposal works with some sample derivations. Consider first the DP the crazy kid, in a grammar where there is a reduced vowel in the but not in crazy.13
Within the nP, the words crazy and kid are individually spelled out, and the rules of Tensing and Vowel Reduction apply within each word. The vowel at the end of crazy becomes [+tense] by rule (15)a; this [+tense] feature then prevents the vowel from undergoing reduction (rule (15)b).
On the DP cycle, the definite article (D[+def]) is introduced. First D[+def] cliticizes to crazy by Article Local Dislocation (11), then D[+def] is spelled out as /ðɪ/ by the Vocabulary Insertion rule in (14), and then the phonological rules in (15) apply. The context for Tensing is not met by the vowel in the here, because this vowel is preconsonantal. Therefore, the vowel remains [-tense] and subsequently undergoes Vowel Reduction.
Now consider the individual words beauty, happy, beautiful and happiness. For many speakers,14 beauty and happy both end in /i/, but while this vowel reduces to /ə/ in beautiful, it is a tense /i/ in happiness. How can we account for this contrast?
On the DP cycle of of a book (with unstressed a), Article Local Dislocation, Tensing and Vowel Reduction all apply exactly as in the crazy kid (17). The main difference between a/an and the involves step (b), Vocabulary Insertion: for a/an, there is an allomorphy rule that inserts /æn/ (or /ɛn/) before vowels and /ɛ/ elsewhere.
Deeply satisfying synths play in a slightly dystopian domain. So if you have a film where a future vampire who owns a travelling carnival comes back in time to today with a crazy assemblage of experiences for today's currently not-yet-jaded audiences... that is your piece! Also useful for cat parkour.
Oh geez, there's lots of notes in this one. The end of this piece is just woodwinds by themselves, and they are super cool. So often the percussion just takes over these pieces, even though there are some beautiful parts that get attention directed away from them.
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